Important information about COVID-19 Testing
IMPORTANT NOTICE FOR OUR PATIENTS | In order to provide clean, safe, efficient and appropriate emergency medical care to our community, we are ONLY offering emergency COVID-19 testing to individuals who have symptoms or a concerning exposure to COVID-19 that could lead to a potential medical emergency. As an Emergency Hospital, our top priority is the safety of our patients and our staff. Every patient who comes to our facility will receive an examination by a medical provider, but a patient may be declined testing if they are not having symptoms or a concerning exposure to COVID-19 that could lead to a potential medical emergency. Community resources are available for routine testing and “screening” and we will help you find the most appropriate location to meet your needs. We hope that you will continue to practice wearing a mask in public and social distancing as we face these uncertain times.
If you have been exposed to or shown symptoms of COVID-19, please call 702-546-0911 to schedule testing.
If you experience mild fever or cough, stay home, call your doctor, and get tested for COVID-19.
|Test Type||Available at Elite Medical Center?||Test Results||Overview|
Rapid Viral Antigen
|Yes||Same Day Results||Performed with a nasal swab. This test is designed to detect the virus that causes COVID-19 in addition to pathogens causing over 20 different viral and bacterial respiratory infections including other coronaviruses and influenzas strains. This test is 87.5% sensitive and 99% specific (If the test result is negative, there is a 12.5% chance that a true positive is overlooked by the test.)|
Rapid Molecular Test
|No||~||Performed with a nasal swab. This test is designed to detect the virus that causes COVID-19 in addition to pathogens causing over 20 different viral and bacterial respiratory infections including other coronaviruses and influenza strains. This test is 97.1% sensitive (if it is negative, it is 97.1% accurate).|
Molecular (PCR) Test
|Yes||Same Day Results||Performed with a nasal swab. Labs (LabCorp, Quest, etc.) receive specially packaged specimens and provide results back to the hospital. The test is almost 100% specific and sensitive (positive and negative results are almost always accurate).|
|Yes||Same Day Results||Finger prick (blood) test. This test is designed to detect antibodies present in the blood. A positive result indicates that you may have had COVID-19 in the recent past and have developed antibodies that may protect you from future infections.|
COVID-19 Test FAQ
What is a COVID-19 Viral Test?
A viral test tells you if you have a current infection. There are different types of viral tests, including:
Antigen Detection Test
Viral antigens develop on the surface of cells infected with a specific virus. A viral antigen detection test is done on a sample of tissue that might be infected. Specially tagged (with dye or a tracer) antibodies that attach to those viral antigens are mixed with the sample. The tagged antibodies can be seen by using a special light (or other method). If the tagged antibodies are attached to the cells, the cells are infected with the virus.
Viral Molecular Detection Test
Using a sample of tissue or blood or other fluid, the test looks for the genetic material (DNA or RNA) of a specific virus. This test can show the exact virus causing an infection.
What is a COVID-19 Antibody Test?
An Antibody tests tells you if you had a previous infection. An antibody test may not be able to show if you have a current infection, because it can take 1-3 weeks after infection to make antibodies. We do not know yet if having antibodies to the virus can protect someone from getting infected with the virus again, or how long that protection might last.
What advice does the CDC offer regarding COVID-19 testing?
If you are a close contact of someone with COVID-19 or you are a resident in a community where there is ongoing spread of COVID-19 and develop symptoms of COVID-19, call your healthcare provider and tell them about your symptoms and your exposure. They will decide whether you need to be tested, but keep in mind that there is no treatment for COVID-19 and people who are mildly ill may be able to isolate and care for themselves at home.
If your doctor sees that you meet the requirements for testing be sure to wear a mask, cover your coughs and sneezes, and frequently clean your hands on your way to be tested. If you experience severe pain, shortness of breath, or chest pain, you need to seek emergency care. See more symptoms here. For more information visit: CDC COVID-19 TESTING ADVICE.
What does “FDA-Authorized” mean?
How Coronavirus Tests May Be Authorized
Americans rely on the FDA to provide an independent review of medical products, such as drugs, diagnostic tests, and other medical devices. During a public health emergency like the COVID-19 pandemic, there is an urgent need for products to diagnose, treat, or prevent a medical threat. There are three ways a coronavirus test might be used for this emergency:
- Emergency Use Authorization (EUA)
In certain types of emergencies, the FDA can issue an Emergency Use Authorization, or EUA, to provide more timely access to critical medical products that may help during the emergency when there are no adequate, approved, and available options. The EUA process is different than full approval or clearance because in some emergency situations we cannot wait for all of the evidence needed for full FDA approval or clearance. Instead, the FDA evaluates the options very quickly using the evidence that is available, carefully balancing the risks and benefits of the product as we know them, in addition to evaluating other criteria.
- Lab Developed Test (LDT)
A laboratory-developed test (LDT) is an in vitro (or laboratory) diagnostic test that is manufactured by and used within a single laboratory. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) regulates all laboratory testing (except research) performed on humans in the U.S. through the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA). The FDA is providing flexibility to certain labs certified under CLIA to run high-complexity tests during the COVID-19 emergency. The FDA is providing flexibility for labs that develop and perform their own coronavirus testing where the lab validates the test, notifies FDA, and submits the validation data to the FDA within a certain timeframe as part of a EUA request. While many labs purchased commercial tests under an existing EUA, other labs developed and validated their own tests under this temporary policy.
- State Authorization
The FDA is providing flexibility to states who want to authorize labs certified to conduct high-complexity tests in that state to develop and perform coronavirus testing. Under this policy, the state or territory takes responsibility for the safety and accuracy of COVID-19 testing by laboratories in its state/territory and the lab does not submit a EUA request to the FDA.
This information has been provided by the FDA